suffragan n : an assistant or subordinate bishop of a diocese [syn: suffragan bishop]
EtymologyLatin suffragium, '(political) support'.
- Of or pertaining to a suffragan.
- Main article: Bishop (Catholic Church)
In the Catholic Church this term is applied to all non-metropolitan bishops (that is, diocesan bishops of dioceses within a metropolitan's province, and auxiliary bishops).
In the Anglican Churches, the term applies to a bishop who is a full-time assistant to a diocesan bishop, for example, the Bishop of Jarrow is suffragan to the Bishop of Durham (the diocesan). Some Anglican suffragans are given the responsibility for a geographical area within the diocese (for example, the Bishop of Selby is an area bishop within the Diocese of York). The practice of appointing such bishops can be traced to the Suffragan Bishops Act 1534.
The Church of Ireland has no Suffragan Bishops, not even in the geographically large dioceses or in the two archdioceses.
In the Episcopal Church in the United States of America, Suffragan Bishops are fairly common in larger dioceses, but usually have no specific region of responsibility within a diocese, and so are not given the title of a particular city. Thus Barbara Clementine Harris was titled simply "Suffragan Bishop of Massachusetts".
suffragan in German: Suffraganbischof
suffragan in Dutch: Suffragane bisschop
suffragan in Polish: Biskup sufragan
suffragan in Russian: Викарий
suffragan in Chinese: 副主教